Causes and Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Causes and Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Sep 20

Everything in our body is controlled by the brain; thus, it is considered as the body’s most important organ. Anything that could impact the brain and cause a change in the way it functions will also affect the way the whole body operates.

An explosion, a sport or recreation-related accident, or a car crash that would cause a violent blow or a sudden jolt to the head can make the brain collide with the skull’s internal wall. This can severely harm the brain and result to torn nerve fibers or bruising and/or bleeding of the brain which, in turn, can lead to intracranial injury, which is more commonly known as traumatic brain injury (TBI).

An explosion, a sport-related accident and a car crash, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), are not the only events that can jolt the head and eventually cause a traumatic brain injury. Other causes of TBI include:

  • Falls, which are very common among children 4 years old or below and adults above 75 years old;
  • Motor vehicle accidents, which commonly involve those aged between 15 and 19;
  • Collision with a moving or a stationary object;
  • Assault, which includes getting wounded on the head through a gunshot;
  • Accidents involving a bicycle or any non-motorized pedal cycles; and,
  • A smashed piece of skull penetrating the tissues in the brain.

The severity of a traumatic brain injury depends on the part of the brain that is affected and whether the injured area is widespread or affects only a specific part. For purposes of classification, however, severity is identified as mild, moderate or severe. While mild TBI patients may only experience temporary headaches and confusion, a severe case can lead to amnesia, coma, disability, unconsciousness or even death.

Sometimes, it takes weeks before signs and symptoms of TBI appear. Some of these signs and symptoms include: persistent headaches or neck pain; slowed reading, thinking, acting, or speaking; changes in sleep pattern; loss of sense of taste or smell; and, dizziness and moodiness. If, after suffering a violent blow to the head, though, a person begins to vomit repeatedly, or experience convulsions, numbness or weakness in the legs, arms, hands or feet, or slurred speech, then he/she should be taken to the hospital to be checked and given proper treatment.

According to the Spiros Law Firm, brain damage can occur for many reasons and with about 2.6 million Americans suffering a brain injury yearly, it is more common than many think. Brain damage is defined as the destruction or deterioration of brain cells. This damage is often localized and can affect specialized parts of the brain. Brain damage is almost always debilitating for any victim, impeding even the most basic life tasks.

Even a simple fall accident can result in severe brain damage. Regardless of the cause of TBI, though, if it is a result of someone’s acts of negligence, then the victim’s family better consider pursuing legal action against the liable party for the possible compensation that will help see the victim through the costly medical treatment he/she will definitely need.